Side Effects and Vaccine Injuries After COVID Vaccination – What Affected Individuals Need to Know

Side Effects and Vaccine Injuries After COVID Vaccination – What Affected Individuals Need to Know

People frequently complain about adverse effects from the COVID vaccine. These are often minor and transient. Some people, meanwhile, worry that the immunization might affect them in the long run. What sets a vaccination reaction apart from a side effect? What kind of compensation is available in the event that a vaccination injury really occurs, and who is responsible for those costs?

After the initial vaccine including booster shots, the Paul-Ehrlich-Institut received 333,492 reports of possible side effects. 50,833 of these cases—suspected severe adverse effects—were reported. The total reporting rate for all individual cases was 1.78 per 1,000 vaccination doses, and it was 0.27 per 1,000 vaccine doses for serious individual case reports.

Side Effects and Vaccine Injuries After COVID Vaccination - What Affected Individuals Need to Know


According to the PEI, the following side effects are the most often reported ones per 100,000 vaccinations:

– Headaches

– Fatigue

– Injection site pain

– Fever

– Chills

– Symptoms similar to the flu


The Standing Vaccination Committee (Stiko) and the Robert Koch Institute (RKI) distinguish between vaccine reactions, (severe) vaccine side effects, and exceedingly rare vaccine injuries when assessing vaccination reactions in terms of prospective compensation claims.

Headaches, chills, a low fever, or muscle soreness that lasts a few hours to a few days can all be signs of a vaccination reaction. It appears as though the body is suffering from a “mini-flu.”

Since the body has been exposed to virus information and is now developing an immune response, such a reaction is predicted. This is specifically what the COVID-19 immunization is meant to do.


Although they are extremely unusual “health impairments beyond the usual level of a vaccine reaction,” vaccine complications or side effects are reportable when they are suspected. Additionally, they are known as “adverse drug reactions.”

Myocarditis (inflammation of the heart muscle) and sinus venous or cerebral thrombosis (blood clotting issues) are a few of them. They were linked to vaccinations produced by Moderna, AstraZeneca, and Johnson & Johnson. The myocarditis cases that were seen had a mild course and fully recovered.

However, cerebral venous thrombosis has been linked to the deaths of more than 40 people in Germany as a whole. Although exceedingly unlikely, vaccination side effects can never be ruled out. The Paul-Ehrlich-Institut in Germany tracks COVID-19 vaccination safety and compiles statistics.


An adverse vaccine reaction is defined by the Infection Protection Act as “the health and economic consequence of a health impairment beyond the usual extent of a vaccine reaction caused by vaccination.” These do not include typical side effects like rashes, fever, or headaches. Only six months after immunization can it be verified whether an actual damage has occurred.

Any bodily reaction noted by a social welfare office and an expert reviewer is regarded as a vaccine injury, in accordance with the Paul-Ehrlich-Institut. It need not be a recognized side effect. Any adverse event or disease may be documented as a possible vaccination harm.


Over 250 compensation claims resulting from severe adverse side effects of the COVID-19 immunization have so far been approved by the federal states. This data was gathered through a statewide survey that the newspaper “Welt am Sonntag” carried out with the state welfare offices.

3,968 applications are still being reviewed, while 1,808 have apparently been denied by the states.

How do I submit a claim for vaccine injuries compensation?

The welfare office (Versorgungsamt) of the relevant federal state in Germany decides whether a claim for state compensation for a vaccination harm exists. The procedure is distinct from informing the health authorities of a possible vaccination problem, which doctors are required to do. When symptoms are more severe than those of a typical vaccination reaction, this is done.

It frequently takes up to a year before a corresponding decision can be reached due to the necessary medical evaluations. Only in extremely rare circumstances can a medical link be established between the immunization and the damage.

“If someone has suffered a vaccine injury from a publicly recommended protective vaccination, they are entitled to compensation under the Federal Compensation Act upon application,” according to the Robert Koch Institute. The Infection Protection Act regulates this. The onus of proof, however, is with the affected parties. A medical evaluation is usually required to determine whether the immunization actually caused negative side effects in each individual case. An arbitrary temporal link is insufficient. Six months after the vaccine, the health effects must still be present.

The purpose of the entitlement to compensation is to make up for the economic and health effects of the vaccination harm. It is not possible to provide an exact sum owed to the impacted parties. Individuals with vaccination injuries are entitled to compensation ranging from 164 to 854 euros per month, depending on the severity. The deciding element is the Federal Compensation Act.

Affected people are also entitled to medical care and income loss compensation. The total monthly sum may reach 15,000 euros in exceptional circumstances.

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